Category Archives: Rosenwald Schools

Edge Hill School-Glascock County, Georgia

Edge Hill is a crossroads community in Glasscock County. I have yet to determine location of this Rosenwald school.

Abbeville County Training School-Abbeville, South Carolina

Newly added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1922, the Abbeville County Training School was also known as the Branch Street School. The site is overgrown and difficult to photograph because there are storage buildings in front of the school. There are current plans to turn this into housing and a Black History Museum.

Booker T. Washington-Tuskegee, Alabama

Booker T. Washington was an educator, speaker, author, and benefactor. He was the first president of Tuskegee University when it was known as Tuskegee Institute. His accomplishments are numerous. From working with Julius Rosenwald to start the fund for Rosenwald schools to traveling the world to speak on issues that impacted the Black community, Washington was a tireless advocate for change. Many members of the Black community supported his belief that the focus should be on education and wealth accumulation. Whereas there were those, who disagreed with him and felt that he bowed to white interests by not pushing forward an agenda based on civil rights and political representation.

“The Oaks” is a large Victorian that sits next to campus. Tuskegee’s students helped build the home that Washington and his family moved into in 1900.

1923 photo of The Oaks (Courtesy of the public domain images provided by the New York Public Library photo archives)

In 1915, Booker T. Washington passed away. It was believed that he died from congestive heart failure and kidney disease that was caused by the stress of his work (later examination of his medical records indicated that he was suffering from very high blood pressure). Over 8,000 people attended his funeral. He is buried in the campus’s cemetery, which is next to the Chapel.

Photo of Booker T. Washington’s funeral. (Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.)

Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church and School-Notasulga, Alabama

Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church and School were founded in 1916 and 1922, respectively. The school is the only Rosenwald school that is still standing in Macon County, Alabama.

The church and school were one of the locations during the Tuskegee Syphilis Study where participants were told to meet so the United States Public Health Service officials could pick them up for treatment or lack thereof.

The church and school were placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2010. The school went under restoration in 2011.