Tag Archives: Black history

Historic Lodge Likely To Be Demolished-Dalton, Georgia

Masonic Lodge No. 238 is a mixed-use commercial building in Dalton, Georgia. On the first floor were different stores, but on the second floor, it was the local lodge for Black men in the town of Dalton. The lodge was built in 1915 by Dutch Hanson, Thomas Cunningham, Jim Richards, Dan Smith, and Harrison Jackson.

The lodge was built in an area of Dalton that was considered the heart of the Black community. Despite being placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996, the building has fallen into disrepair. In 2019, the Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation placed it on its list of Places in Peril. In April 2023, City Council voted to have the building demolished. The city has currently held off demolition while giving members a chance to identify funding support until the end of the year.

Images below are from the NRHP application.

Fairview Methodist Church-Rydal, Georgia

The congregation of Fairview Methodist Church began in 1882 under the leadership of Tom Upshaw. The historic Black congregation built this Gothic Revival church in 1932 after the first church was severely damaged in a storm.

I am uncertain when the congregation stopped services. There is a very overgrown cemetery behind the church. I could see one marker that had a date of the 1990s on it.

Rose Cottage-Madison, Georgia

This central hallway cottage with Victorian embellishments was owned by Adeline Rose, a Black entrepreneur who earned her living as a washerwoman. Born towards the end of slavery, Rose built this home in 1891. She was a widower with three children (John, W. M., and Lillian). (Note: This is different than other accounts I read about her, but I based it on doing genealogical research and her obituary.)

Much of her business was from The Hardy House, a hotel owned by Mary Hardy, the mother of Oliver Hardy of Laurel and Hardy fame.

In 1996, Madison city officials moved the home closer to downtown to serve as a testament to Adeline Rose. It is now a house museum.

Adeline Rose’s obituary in the Atlanta Constitution

St. Matthew Lodge No.5-Eufaula, Alabama

The St. Matthew Lodge No. 5 in Eufaula, Alabama, was one of ten Colored Lodges already in existence in the state before the Prince Hall Lodges officially began in Alabama in 1870. This lodge worked under the National Compact Grand Lodge.

I realized as I was looking at the HABS photos of the Cowan-Ramser House that you can see the St. Matthew Lodge in the background. This means the building has been around since at least 1934.

African American Heritage Site-Sautee Nacoochee, Georgia

The Sautee Nacoochee Center is a cultural and heritage museum for the Sautee and Nacoochee Valleys in White County, Georgia. On-site, there is a restored slave cabin that used to sit on the land of Edwin Poore Williams, an early settler who benefitted from Native Americans being forced off their land.

He relocated to the area from North Carolina, bringing people he enslaved with him and his family. According to the 1860 slave census, Williams enslaved 18 people. It is believed that three cabins housed these men, women, and children. This particular cabin measured 16 x 28 feet.

The blacksmith shop

Beginning in 2002, the cabin was methodically dismantled at its original site and reassembled where it currently sits. The cabin was sympathetically restored using original materials or sourcing materials close to the original. A full detailed account of the restoration can be found here.

Vinnie’s Cabin-Cartersville, Georgia

Behind a beauty salon in Cartersville sits a rare extant “urban” slave cabin. It was one of ten cabins that sat on the property of Elijiah and Cornelia Field.

After the Civil War, Vinnie Salters Johnson moved to Cartersville and cooked for the Fields family. She lived in this cabin with her son. It became the home of Vinnie Salters Johnson and her son, Cafaries Johnson.

The cabin was restored a few years ago after the roof and floor collapsed. The walls are original to the cabin.